freshwater puffer fish

The more active species of freshwater puffer need a bigger tank, even though they could technically fit into a 30 gallon, because they need extra swimming space to prevent boredom.
Other puffers, like any of the lurker or ambush species, cannot be safely housed in a tank with other fish because they will eat them – they are predators by nature and you cannot change that.
If you want to succeed in keeping a freshwater puffer, then you should ideally wait to purchase one until you have some experience with keeping tropical fish tanks; a puffer does not make a good impulse purchase.
Some species, like the dwarf puffer (Carinotetraodon travancoricus), can be kept in a species tank, which is a tank that only houses fish of the same species.
Freshwater puffers aren’t like most other aquarium fish – they weren’t built to graze constantly throughout the day.
However, the true freshwater puffers are a wonderful specialist fish that are very rewarding to keep as pets provided that their basic needs are met.
In general, freshwater puffers are a relatively misunderstood and under-represented fish in the aquarium trade.
There are very few factually correct guides that detail the care of puffers, and many of the fish sold as freshwater puffers are not freshwater fish at all.

The diet of dwarf pufferfish in the wild has not been reported, but other members of the genus feed on zooplankton and various benthic crustaceans and molluscs.[7] Food items of specimens maintained in aquaria appears to be similar.[2] In fact, the dwarf puffer is one of the few aquarium fish to regularly eat small live snails and can be useful in controlling snail populations (larger snails do not interest them).
The spines are large and prominent on the Porcupine Fish but on Puffers they are smaller, thinner and practically hidden, sometimes only visible when the Puffer Fish is inflated.
The powerful neurotoxin found in the organs of some puffer fish is called tetrodotoxin, but not all puffers are poisonous.
For Information about strictly Saltwater Puffer Fish, see Puffers, Boxfish and Porcupine fish.
Each fish guide has in-depth pufferfish information including their places of origin, habitats and behaviors as well as the fish care needed for successfully keeping aquarium puffer fish.
Less than 40 types of puffer fish can be found in brackish waters, and only 29 species are truly freshwater Puffer Fish.
To successfully keep Puffer Fish means maintaining top water quality, providing plenty of room, and most importantly providing an adequate diet.
Puffer Fish need plenty of room to maintain water quality and they will most likely need to be kept singly.
The chart below provides a guide to type of environment each Puffer Fish species needs.
Well-known saltwater relatives of the Puffer Fish also in this order are the Porcupine Fish (Diodontidae family), Boxfish (Ostraciidae family), Filefish (Monacanthidae family), and the Triggerfish (Balistidae family).
In the wild Puffer Fish are predators eating a variety of snails, shellfish, crustaceans, and other fish.
The Puffer Fish species list below includes popular varieties as well lesser known puffer fish species.
There are approximately 150 Puffer Fish species but only 29 species are truly freshwater Puffer Fish.
The temperament of these fish can vary greatly from one puffer to another, not only between species but often within a single species as well.
The majority of the Puffer Fish are marine inhabitants and are found in most of the tropical oceans of the world.
The Puffer Fish can be quite long lived in the aquarium, many living for 10 or more years.
As their name implies, Puffer Fish have the ability to ‘puff’ themselves up with water or air if threatened.
Unlike more typical fish, the body of the Puffer Fish is rigid, so they rely on their fins for motion and balance.
The Puffer Fish, also commonly called Blowfish, Balloonfish or Toadies, are rather club shaped.
Puffer Fish pictures are also provided within each fish guide to help with identification, and to aid in choosing Puffer Fish pets.
Puffer Fish, along with their close cousins the Porcupine Fish, have a few unique methods of defense.
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Some species of Puffer Fish live best in freshwater, some other species live best in brackish water, and some Puffers live best in marine or sea water.
  The picture above shows a young Figure Eight Puffer Fish, Tetraodon biocellatus, about 1.5" long that was looking for food, when this picture was taken.
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Click here to go to the website named Puffer Fish Lair, which also contains lots of information about Puffers.
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  This picture by Matt shows his adult Arrowhead Puffer, that he bought from, in the lower foreground with about a dozen baby Puffers swimming above.
The table below shows the letter B for a species of Puffer Fish that lives best in Brackish Water or the letter F for a species of Puffer Fish that lives best in Fresh Water.
Other species of Puffer Fish live best in freshwater with very little salt and do best with fast swimming fish such as Barbs, Danios, Rainbow Fish, and Sharks.
   Here is a Figure Eight Puffer Fish for sale at our online fish store.
    Above: An interesting looking Saltwater Puffer Fish.
Figure Eight Puffers are less aggressive than many other species of Puffer Fish.
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Heavily planted tanks are recommended for any freshwater puffer species, as it will allow other puffers and non-puffer tank mates areas to hide.
Cichlids N.W. Cichlids Fresh Angels Barbs Bettas Bichir Cory Cats Danios/Minnows Discus Goldfish Extra Large Oddball Fish Gouramis Guppies Hatchets Killifish Larger Catfish Loaches Mollies Platy Plecos Rainbowfish Rasboras Sharks Sucker Cats Swordtails Tetras Misc.
I have four Indian Dwarf Puffers in my semi-planted 20-gallon long tank, with four Black Skirt Tetras.
Unlike the other puffers in this family, the Indian Dwarf requires freshwater with no salt content.
Most puffers turn on each other and tank mates, it just takes time for the fish to mature.
These puffers are strictly freshwater, and generally should not be mixed with any other puffer species unless you have a lot of experience.
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More commonly called Green Spotted Puffer or Green Pufferfish, this active fish must be raised in brackish water.
It must be kept alone or in a tank with other bigger brackish water species.
Although young Tetraodon fluviatilis can live in freshwater, salt must be added as they become adults.
A 30 gallons tank seems to be enough to keep one Tetraodon fluviatilis.
Because Green Spotted Puffers can be demanding and aggressive, only experienced hobbyist should venture in raising them.
Tetraodon fluviatilis is not your typical community tank mate.
Photo Credit: Andrzej Zabawski Notes: Tetraodon fluviatilis (Hamilton 1822) is a popular aquarium puffer.
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Figure 8 and green spotted puffers start spend a great deal of their natural lives in freshwater and many fish stores sell them as a freshwater fish.
That’s what I have learned so far about keeping a figure 8 or green spotted puffer fish.
The reason being was we could not keep the amount of salt they needed in their tank due to the entire tank having the same water circulation.
the only puffer i know of that is fully fresh water is a Pea Puffer… But even those are terrible nippers, and would not be good in a betta tank.
I have heard that its almost impossible to keep salt water tanks up here because its a very dry enviroment.
I have to replace water about once a week and in a salt water tank you top off with fresh water to head off salt creep.
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Pierre is an incredibly cute fish with a very nasty sharp beak which he uses to crack off bits of coral, tear apart plastic plants, and take chunks out of the hood.
The puffer (from here on in known as ‘Pierre’) watched the molly for a moment and then SNAP, half the fish’s head was gone.
I figure the rest of the mollies are there because Pierre got to the tank after them, but their numbers are quickly dwindling.
There are now about 7 mollies in the tank now, with absolutely no sign of the missing fish.
Pierre spends a lot of time sleeping at the bottom of the tank.
When setting up the tank, I needed some hearty brackish fish to cycle the tank.
The rest of the time, he swims around his tank exploring and nibbling at stuff, every once and a while ripping off chunks of plastic plants and filter downspouts.
Once I put a piece of krill into the tank, and one of the mollies was feeling pretty bold, so he decided he wanted to take a bite.
I think after about 2 months there was 1 puffer and about 15 mollies in the tank.
A rock-hard beak which will cut through the shell of just about anything; a fish that puffs up to double its size when attacked; and finally, skin and organs loaded with tetrodotoxin, a potent neurotoxin which kills several sushi-eating Japanese every year.
Puffers are pretty hearty, and can withstand a wide range of salinity values, and can even survive in fresh water for some time, but in fresh water, they won’t thrive and will eventually die.
Under normal conditions, the back of the puffer is a deep green with black spots all over it, with a white belly.
If your fish has a black belly all the time, he is most likely sick, but if he changes all the time, he’s a healthy little guy.
Sometimes instead of a creamy white, Pierre will have a completely black belly, and the spots and colors on his back will fade to very pale.

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