pyramids in mexico

Site Name of pyramid Culture Base length (m) Height (m) Inclination Approximate time of construction Function Notes Image Altun Ha Belize Maya 16 200 to 900 CE Caracol Belize Caana Maya 43 A triadic pyramid, the highest man-made structure in Belize Caracol Belize Temple of the Wooden Lintel Maya Lamanai Belize High Temple Maya 33 Pre-Classic Period Lamanai Belize Jaguar Temple Maya 20 Pre-Classic Period Lamanai Belize Mask Temple Maya 17 Early Classic Period Lubaantun Belize Maya 730 to 890 CE Lubaantun’s structures are mostly built of large stone blocks laid with no mortar, primarily black slate rather than the limestone typical of the region.
Coba Mexico The Nohoch Mul pyramid Maya 42 500 to 900 CE Coba Mexico La Iglesia Maya 20 500 to 900 CE Coba Mexico Crossroads Temple Maya 500 to 900 CE Comalcalco Mexico Temple 1 Maya 20 600 BCE to 900 CE The city’s buildings were made from fired-clay bricks held together with mortar made from oyster shells.
Mayapan Mexico Maya 15 Moral-Reforma Mexico Conjunto 14 Maya 37 Palenque Mexico Temple of the Cross Maya Palenque Mexico Temple of the Inscriptions Maya Santa Cecilia Acatitlan Mexico Aztec In 1962, the architect and archaeologist Eduardo Pareyon Moreno reconstructed and reinforced the pyramid’s basement and rebuilt the temple that crowns it.
Bonampak Mexico The Temple of the Murals Maya 580 to 800 CE Calakmul Mexico The Great Pyramid Maya 55 Chichen Itza Mexico El Castillo Maya 55.3 30 Cholula Mexico The Great Pyramid of Cholula Xelhua 450 sq.
El Mirador Guatemala La Danta Maya 72 300 BCE to 100 CE La Danta pyramid temple has an estimated volume of 2,800,000 cubic meters which makes it one of the largest pyramids in the world.

The original name of the city is unknown, but it appears in hieroglyphic texts from the Maya region as puh, or "Place of Reeds".[8] This suggests that the Maya of the Classic period understood Teotihuacan as a Place of Reeds similar to other Postclassic Central Mexican settlements that took the name Tollan, such as Tula-Hidalgo and Cholula.
Teotihuacan /teɪˌoʊtiːwəˈkɑːn/,[1] also written Teotihuacán (Spanish  teotiwa’kan (help·info)), was a pre-Columbian Mesoamerican city located in the Valley of Mexico, 30 miles (48 km) northeast of modern-day Mexico City, known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas.
Variants of the generic style are found in a number of Maya region sites, including Tikal, Kaminaljuyu, Copan, Becan, and Oxkintok, and particularly in the Petén Basin and the central Guatemalan highlands.[16] The talud-tablero style pre-dates its earliest appearance at Teotihuacan in the Early Classic period; it appears to have originated in the Tlaxcala-Puebla region during the Preclassic.[17] Analyses have traced the development into local variants of the talud-tablero style at sites such as Tikal, where its use precedes the 5th-century appearance of iconographic motifs shared with Teotihuacan.
New discoveries have suggested that Teotihuacan was not much different in its interactions with other centers from the later empires, such as the Toltec and Aztec.[13][14] It is believed that Teotihuacan had a major influence on the Preclassic and Classic Maya, most likely by conquering several Maya centers and regions, including Tikal and the region of Peten, and influencing Maya culture.
Although it is a subject of debate whether Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; evidence of Teotihuacano presence can be seen at numerous sites in Veracruz and the Maya region.
Archaeological evidence suggests that Teotihuacan was a multi-ethnic city, with distinct quarters occupied by Otomi, Zapotec, Mixtec, Maya, and Nahua peoples.
Scholars have based interpretations about the culture at Teotihuacan on archaeology, the murals that adorn the site (and others, like the Wagner Murals, found in private collections), and hieroglyphic inscriptions made by the Maya describing their encounters with Teotihuacano conquerors.
At its zenith, perhaps in the first half of the 1st millennium AD, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population estimated at 125,000 or more,[3][4] making it at minimum the sixth largest city in the world during its epoch.[5] Teotihuacan began as a new religious center in the Mexican Highland around the first century AD.
In 2001, Terrence Kaufman presented linguistic evidence suggesting that an important ethnic group in Teotihuacan was of Totonacan or Mixe–Zoquean linguistic affiliation.[22] He uses this to explain general influences from Totonacan and Mixe–Zoquean languages in many other Mesoamerican languages, whose people did not have any known history of contact with either of the above-mentioned groups.
Architectural styles prominent at Teotihuacan are found widely dispersed at a number of distant Mesoamerican sites, which some researchers have interpreted as evidence for Teotihuacan’s far-reaching interactions and political or militaristic dominance.[15] A style particularly associated with Teotihuacan is known as talud-tablero, in which an inwards-sloping external side of a structure (talud) is surmounted by a rectangular panel (tablero).
Its unusual rounded edges, dizzyingly steep sides, richly decorated pyramid-top temple structures and surrounding ancient city ruins, make visiting this Mayan pyramid a unique experience.
You can only witness the building’s most remarkable secret on the day of the spring or fall equinox, when the buildings careful placement and design present viewers with an ingenious show of shadow play; the evening sun highlights a staircase edge on the shaded side of the pyramid which connects with a snake head carving at the base of the stairs.
Visit the archeological site of Teotihuacan – a UNESCO World Heritage site – on this private tour from Mexico City with an expert archeologist guide.
Visit the pyramids at Teotihuacan – City of the Gods – on this small-group archeological tour from Mexico City with a specialized guide.
Just north of Mexico City are the mysterious Teotihuacán Pyramids, built beginning around 300 BC as the centerpiece of an enormous city, often compared to ancient Rome.
Leave Mexico City behind on a small-group tour to the ancient Teotihuacan Pyramids.
Two roads head north to Teotihuacán from Mexico City (exit on Insurgentes), 132-D, a winding freeway that’s prettier, but can take well over an hour, and 85-D, a toll road that will usually get you there in about 50 minutes.
Ek Balam is a Yucatec Maya name that translates to "the black jaguar" or "bright star jaguar." Located near the colonial city of Valladolid in Yucatan, Mexico, Ek Balam’s most important cultural period was during the Late Classic Period 700 – 1000 A.D It wasn’t until the late 1980’s when the site was mapped, and research continued into the 1990’s.
Located in the Costa Maya, just south of the Riviera Maya, Chacchoben, "The Place of Red Corn," (in Spanish "Lugar de Maiz Colorado,") is a largely restored Mayan site.
Chichen Itza has played an important role in understanding Mayan and Mexican history making it a top tour in the Riviera Maya and an excellent Loco Adventure.
If you are looking to extend your knowledge and your travels beyond the Yucatan and Riviera Maya, we have shared our travels to remote Mayan ruin sites in southern and western locations.
If you like Mayan ruins, southern Quintana Roo has some interesting sites that will increase your understanding of the Maya.
The Mayan Ruins of Palenque are as important as Chichen Itza, Uxmal and Tikal in architectural magnificence and historical significance.
Sacred Destination Travel Services advertises a full one-day tour of the ancient Mayan site of Chichen Itza given by various local operators that are determined upon booking and can be viewed on your ticket.
The excursion begins in Mexico City, including a day exploring the pyramids at Teotihuacan, then onto Veracruz, Villa Hermosa, Palenque, the Yucatan and Uxmal, where you can see the Pyramid of the Magicians, and Chichen Itza before finishing up in Cancun.
The site of the pyramids, Teotihuacan, also features the “Calzada de los Muertos,” the “Road of the Dead,” which runs through the center of the reconstructed ruins of the ancient city.
Mexican travel tours give you the opportunity to combine a tour of the various pyramids with other important historic and archaeological sites to suit your tastes and budget.
This guided tour includes transport to and from the airports in Mexico City and Cancun, meals, admissions, hotels and bottled water.
Mexperience offers packages that combine tours to the pyramids of Teotihuacan — the Sun and Moon Pyramids — with the ancient Basilica Lady of Guadalupe with its shrines and temples dedicated to Mexico’s Virgin.
The best known Latin American pyramids include the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon at Teotihuacán in central Mexico, the Castillo at Chichén Itzá in the Yucatan, the Great Pyramid in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, the Pyramid at Cholula and the Inca’s great temple at Cuzco in Peru.
Located in the plains surrounding the city of Puebla (founded by the Spanish colonists), the pyramid complex of Cholula (named for the Mesoamerican people that built it) was the largest single structure in pre-Columbian Mexico.
Backed by the crystal clear turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea, Mexico’s Riviera Maya is an ideal destination for aquatic sports and adventures both above and under the water.
Once home to small fishing villages, the Riviera Maya coastline has since been developed into a modern tourist corridor offering the very best of high-end luxury resorts, fine dining, nightlife, spa retreats, shopping and golf in Mexico.
The Riviera Maya’s unique landscape with its caves, cenotes (sinkholes) and underground rivers, as well as jungle, mangroves and beaches, provides a spectacular setting for a multitude of active adventures guaranteed to get the adrenaline pumping.
Sea breeze, palm trees, fine sand, turquoise ocean, starry sky … how can there be a better setting for one of the most renowned dining destinations in the country? To comply with Lent during Holy Week, one option is visiting the Riviera Maya, whose cuisine is based on fish and seafood, freshly caught in the Caribbean Ocean.
A rainbow of tropical fish, coral, anemones, sponges, starfish and many more species await you in the aquatic parks of Xel-Ha and Xcaret, in Playa del Carmen, in the Riviera Maya.
The crystal clear waters of the Caribbean allow for easy viewing of the fascinating underwater world of the Riviera Maya, which is home to more than 500 species of marine life.
Considered one of the largest parks in the world, the Xel-Ha Natural Park offers one of the best experiences for snorkeling in all of Cancun and the Riviera Maya.
Xcaret, the largest and most impressive theme park in the Riviera Maya, offers a wide variety of activities and diversions in a spectacular natural setting.
Riviera Maya offers you the perfect location for the beach wedding or honeymoon of your dreams, from a barefoot cabana hotel to an all-inclusive luxury resort, The Riviera Maya is among the most popular vacation destinations in Mexico.
Nature parks in the Riviera Maya do a super job of showcasing the beauty and diversity of this spectacular Mexico destination.
Interact with animals, plants and their habitats in Riviera Maya’s fantastic nature parks The Riviera Maya is home to some of the most beautiful and varied landscapes in all of Mexico.
The Riviera Maya stretches along the coast of the Caribbean Ocean, in the eastern part of the Yucatan Peninsula.
With an expansive coral reef system located just off the coast, the Riviera Maya is Mexico’s top destination for snorkeling.
Whether you’re looking for soft or extreme adventure, the Riviera Maya’s adventure parks offer a variety of exciting options, both on land and in water.
These, among others, are places where you can find Maya ceremonial centers on the seashore, discover local biodiversity and choose from a variety of water sports in the world’s second largest coral reef.
Situated right in the heart of the Riviera Maya, Playa del Carmen is the region’s top destination for shopping, dining and nightlife.
Zip through the jungle, explore caverns and swim in cenotes at Riviera Maya adventure parks.
For Cowgill, who says more studies are needed to understand the lives of the poorer classes that inhabited Teotihuacan, the mystery lies not as much in who built the city or in why it fell.
Oddly, Teotihuacan, which contains a massive central road (the Street of the Dead) and buildings including the Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon, has no military structures—though experts say the military and cultural wake of Teotihuacan was heavily felt throughout the region.
The Pyramid of the Sun (top) is the largest structure in the ancient city of Teotihuacan, Mexico, and one of the largest buildings of its kind on the Western Hemisphere.
One theory says an erupting volcano forced a wave of immigrants into the Teotihuacan valley and that those refugees either built or bolstered the city.
A famed archaeological site located fewer than 30 miles (50 kilometers) from Mexico City, Teotihuacan reached its zenith between 100 B.C. and A.D. 650.
It covered 8 square miles (21 square kilometers) and supported a population of a hundred thousand, according to George Cowgill, an archaeologist at Arizona State University and a National Geographic Society grantee.
These commonalties among the civilizations were developed over 3,000 years, from around 1500 BC to 1521 BC, and are still alive and well in today’s Indigenous communities.  All of them though, had their own unique characteristics.
The city of Teotihuacan ("teh-oh-tee-wa-KHAN") is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is situated some 50 km north-east of Mexico City.
I strongly recommend visiting this site to those who find a chance to come to Mexico City.
The two main pyramids (Sun and Moon), the avenue of the death, the citadel, all so neatly placed it's difficult to believe it has been built more than 2,000 years ago.
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Views to and from the Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Avenue of the Dead.
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One of my favorite things in Mexico City ! It's a must to go to see the pyramids .
This is truly the highlight of my trip to Mexico city, I have been to the Egyptian pyramids, and this is just as amazing.
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This is the one place you can't leave Mexico City without visiting.
It is nice place though not comparable to Egypt Pyramids.
The Great Pyramid of Tepanapa, informally known as the Cholula Pyramid, was built around 100 B.C. and was already covered by dirt by the time Cortez arrived in Cholula in 1519; this was one ancient temple he did not destroy in order to build his own monuments.
The Cholula Pyramid tunnel walk is a very different experience than climbing over Maya pyramids, which usually don’t allow visitors into the chambers deep inside.
Wandering through narrow, dimly lit subterranean passages and stairways leading from one side of the pyramid to the other provides a graphic understanding of the ancient Mexicans’ propensity for building pyramids on top of pyramids.
The Cholula Pyramid looks like a wide hill, crowned by a majestic church with gilded domes.
The city was organized using a grid plan, many people living in what scholars refer to as “apartment compounds,” containing multiple families.  An archaeological mapping project identified about 2,200 of these structures within the city, with excavations showing that some compounds were richer than others, containing more stone and lime plaster in their construction.
Located south of the Pyramid of the Sun is the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, also known as “La Ciudadela,” a name Spanish conquistadors gave it.
Teotihuacán’s Pyramid of the Sun is 220m (722 ft.) per side at its base — almost as large as Cheops.
Archaeologists have tunneled deep inside the Feathered Serpent Pyramid and found several ceremonially buried human remains, interred with precise detail and position, but as yet no royal personages.
A small trolley-train that takes visitors from the entry booths to various stops within the site, including the Teotihuacán museum and cultural center, runs only on weekends, and costs 10 pesos per person.
By the time the pyramid was discovered and restoration was begun (early in the 20th c.), the temple had disappeared, and the pyramid was just a mass of rubble covered with bushes and trees.
It was the grand setting for the Feathered Serpent Pyramid and the Temple of Quetzalcóatl.
As you stroll north along the Avenue of the Dead toward the Pyramid of the Moon, look on the right for a bit of wall sheltered by a modern corrugated roof.
Lucky Break — When you reach the top of the Pyramid of the Sun, you might see people of all ages and entire families jostling to get near a mysterious metal tab, no bigger than your thumbnail, embedded in stone.
The first structure of the pyramid was probably built a century before Christ, and the temple that used to crown the pyramid was completed about 400 years later (A.D. 300).
Scholars aren’t certain that the Teotihuacán culture embraced the Quetzalcóatl deity so well known in the Toltec, Aztec, and Maya cultures.
As you walk toward the center of the Ciudadela’s court, you’ll approach the Feathered Serpent Pyramid.
The Temple of Quetzalcóatl was covered over by an even larger structure, a pyramid.
The Toltec, who rose in power after the city’s decline, were fascinated with Teotihuacán and incorporated its symbols into their own cultural motifs.
Teotihuacán’s rise coincided with the classical Romans’ building of their great monuments, and with the beginning of cultures in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula, Oaxaca, and Puebla.
Although the Pyramid of the Sun was not built as a great king’s tomb, it is built on top of a series of sacred caves, which aren’t open to the public.
Pyramid of the Sun — The Pyramid of the Sun, on the east side of the Avenue of the Dead, is the third-largest pyramid in the world.
Pyramid of the Moon — The Pyramid of the Moon faces a plaza at the northern end of the avenue.
You have about the same range of view from the top of the Pyramid of the Moon as you do from its larger neighbor, because the moon pyramid is built on higher ground.
It appears that the primary deity at Teotihuacán was a female, called "Great Goddess" for lack of any known name.
Carlson also suggests the possibility that people from Cacaxtla conquered Teotihuacán, as name glyphs of conquered peoples at Cacaxtla show Teotihuacán-like pyramids.
The first and second are the Great Pyramid of Cholula, near Puebla, and the Pyramid of Cheops on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt.
Numerous tombs with human remains (many of them either sacrificial inhabitants of the city or perhaps war captives) and objects of jewelry, pottery, and daily life have been uncovered along the foundations of buildings.
The Pyramid of the Moon is at the northern end, and the Ciudadela (Citadel) is on the southern part.
Through trade and other contact, Teotihuacán’s influence was known in other parts of Mexico and as far south as the Yucatán and Guatemala.
The Aztec, who followed the Toltec, were fascinated with the Toltec and with the ruins of Teotihuacán; they likewise adopted many of their symbols and motifs.
This video contains footage of the famous Pyramid of Kukulkan, the Temple of 1000 Columns, and the largest ancient ballcourt in the Americas.
Chichen Itza is an ancient Mayan city in the jungles of Mexico where my family visited in 2006.
SUN PYRAMID in MEXICODeep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala and extending into the limestone shelf of the Yucatan peninsula lie the mysterious temples and pyramids of the Maya.
Their legacy in stone, which has survived in a spectacular fashion at places such as Palenque, Tikal, Tulum, Chichen Itza, Copan and Uxmal, lives on as do the seven million descendants of the classic Maya civilization.
The complex of approximately 600 pyramids of various sizes is dominated by the great Pyramid of the Sun which was built over a natural cave with four chambers (cf.
While Europe was still in the midst of the Dark Ages, these amazing people had mapped the heavens, evolved the only true writing system native to the Americas and were masters of mathematics.
Great lens and very useful for me – in winter time I have plan to visit Mexico and If I will have time I will also visit Pyramids of Mexico.
We took a fairly standard touristy tour, arranged at our hotel, to the enormous Teotihuacan Pyramids outside Mexico City, stopping en route at "Three Cultures Square" which has Aztec pyramids, a colonial church (made of stones taken from Pyramids) and modern structures all in one square, which is fairly interesting.
After a 1.5 mile walk, we checked into Hotel Monte Alban on Alameda de Leon, the plaza next to Zocalo and near Oaxaca Cathedral and the cultural museum for Oaxaca region "Instituto Nacional De Anthropologia e Historia" a beautiful building in colonial Spanish style and interesting exhibits and the Museo de Arte Contemporareo de Oaxaca which was not very good, but also a great colonial building.
What a gorgeous lens! Some day I plan to visit Mexico with my own camera, and take photos that I can only hope are as beautiful as the ones you’ve shared here.
Two hundred and sixty five lenses! Where do you find the time or creativity? I took all the pictures used on my one and only lens as well (and on my business website) and travel on business a lot in the coastal/tourist areas of Mexico.
I have been to several pyramids in Mexico and I like Chichen Itza in Yucatan the most.
This is an excellent lens! everything about the pyramids in Mexico.
Oh, how I want to make it to Palenque soon! What a great lens…I am envious of your travels! In November 2009, my husband and I visited Chichen Itza, Cenote Ik Kil, and Ek Balam (actually, that’s where the foto of me over there on the left was taken).
maxican , the member of ink cartridges for printers group is right nice lens i find best information about tourist place in Mexico.
ultimate lens provide the exact information about the mexice , its a guide for tours in mexico , thanks for this as the member of ink cartridges for printers group group .
Nice overview of some of the Mexican ruins… I mave only been to two Mayan ruin sites in Mexico… both were frascinating! Your page makes me want to see more.
It is on my list to visit Mexico and your lens surely gave my some good tips about where exactly to go.
These are really one of the great Mexico City tourist attractions and I would love to visit there.
This was a lucky choice as it must be one of the best in Mexico City, on the west side of Zocalo, the main square, with a 7th floor roof-terrace and restaurant overlooking the enormous plaza de la Constrictucion, Catedral Metroplitana and Palacio National.
Its been a couple years…time for a return trip to the Pyramid of Mexico with you as the perfect guide…..beautifully done and blessed.
Thanks for joining Mexico Travel – The Best of the Best The pyramids of Mexico are stunning and very interesting to learn about.
Beautiful photos… I’ve been to Mexico City once, but it was a long time ago.
In 2004, Wal-Mart de Mexico built a supermarket barely a mile from the pyramids of Teotihuacán, an important cultural landmark in Mexico.
It's a little known secret that ordinary tourists don't know, but there's several small pyramids near the city of Toluca in the state of Mexico.
Some of the remaining pyramids in Mexico City aren't Aztec either since there was a huge gamma of small indian tribes surrounding the original city, but for simplification you could say they were all Aztec, your teacher probably won't notice.
Mexico City alone still conserves about 8 or 9 pyramids counting in Teotihuacan (remmeber that current Mexico City was a city named Tenochtitlán which had a lot of pyramids but the Aztecs themselves destroyed their own city, so very few pyramids still remain to this day, most of them buried underground somewhere.
Teotihuacan and the Templo Mayor aren't the only 2 pyramids in Mexico City.
By the 13th century when the Aztec swept into central Mexico, the once teeming city—which reached its zenith around a.d. 400—had been long since abandoned by its mysterious builders.
The Aztec gave the site its name and identified its most imposing features according to their own beliefs—the Pyramid of the Sun and Pyramid of the Moon.
Pyramid of DeathAt the Pyramid of the Moon in central Mexico, humans and animals were buried alive.
Its grand ceremonial center, where tens of thousands of people had gathered amid sacred monuments of stone, lay under thick green overgrowth.
By bus – Buses to Teotihuacán leave from Mexico City every 20 minutes from Terminal Autobuses del Norte (outside Autobuses del Norte Metro station (metro tickets are MXN 5 (July 2014) anywhere On the network), Line 5, walk all the way to the left once you enter the terminal, gate 8).
This is a large site, a lot of walking is required as there few other ways to navigate the complex, unless you have a car, then you can freely drive around the perimeter (if you are staying at the hotel in the park or heading to one of the many restaurants).
Hotel Villa Arqueológica of Teotihuacan, is the only hotel located in the archaeological zone at only 5 minutes walking distance from the main entrance of the site.
Teotihuacan, also known as the City of the Gods, is an archeological site 40 km northeast of Mexico City.
Maybe Mayan is your preferred flavour? A visit to Chichen Itza will transport you to a time when the Mayan Empire built such wonders as the Pyramid of Kukulkan as a testament to their power and influence.
Using new technology – known as electrical resistivity tomography – the scientists will place electrodes in the area surrounding the structure and send electrical currents into the ground, measurements will then be taken to see if there is a sub-surface.
Experts at the National Autonomous University of Mexico’s Geophysics Institute are looking for tunnels tombs and hidden chambers under the Kukulkan temple in the Mayan state of Chichen Itza.
The investigators say a total of 99 electrodes will be distributed on the perimeter of the structure with around 24 on each side of the pyramid, it is hoped that the study will reveal the presence of bodies or empty spaces.
If you’re in Mexico City or somewhere just north of it, then a visit to see this archaeological site will prove a fascinating and worthwhile experience.
Mexico has two of the world’s three largest pyramids: The largest is Cheop’s in Egypt; the second largest is the Pyramid of Cholula (see Pictures of Cholula Pyramid), and the third largest is here in Teotihuacán – Pirámide del Sol – The Pyramid of the Sun.
A visit to Teotihuacán is compulsory if you plan to visit Mexico on an archaeological tour; from an historical perspective, it is one of the the most important archaeological places in the world.
The origins of Teotihuacán are uncertain, although it is thought some of the inhabitants arrived from the Valley of Mexico to the south, refugees from an eruption of the Xitle volcano, which caused major devastation and forced the survivors in the region to seek a new place to settle.
Read the section on Mexperience Mexico Essentials about Video & Photography at archaeological sites in Mexico.
Read the Mexperience guide to Travel Insurance in Mexico for full details and links to specialist insurance suppliers.
Approximately 30 miles northeast of Mexico City are the ancient city ruins of Teotihuacán.