symptoms of pregnancy

The blastocyst that will be your baby splits to form the placenta and the embryo and the specialized parts of your baby’s body begin to develop.
The blastocyst that will be your baby splits to form the placenta and the embryo and the specialized parts of your baby’s body begin to develop.
HCG alerts the corpus luteum (the once-follicle this egg was released from) that it needs to stick around and produce progesterone to nourish the pregnancy until the placenta takes over — about six weeks from now.
That’s because pregnancy counting begins two weeks before your baby is even conceived (making you about 4 weeks pregnant before you can tell you’re expecting from a pregnancy test).
Within six to 12 days of when the fertilized eggs implants, it starts to release hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) — the pregnancy hormone that will very soon turn that line on your pregnancy test pink or blue and your world upside down.
Chances are you’re oblivious to all the hubbub; while some women experience those pesky early pregnancy symptoms similar to PMS symptoms about now (mood swings, bloating, cramping — the usual suspects), others don’t feel a thing.
The fertilized egg and your uterus are making contact this week, as the blastocyst you’ll one day call your baby begins to attach itself to the uterine lining.
While the amniotic sac (also called the bag of waters) forms around it, so does the yolk sac (don’t worry, you’re not having a chicken), which will later be incorporated into your baby’s developing digestive tract.
And the embryo now has three distinct layers of cells that will grow into specialized parts of your baby’s body.
At 4 weeks pregnant, your body’s busily gearing up, big time — transforming from a reliable buddy to a weird and wacky science experiment.

Nausea and heightened sense of smell: That tell-tale queasy feeling in your stomach, also known as morning sickness, can hit you anytime of day beginning just a few short weeks into your pregnancy.
This new gotta-go feeling is due to the pregnancy hormone hCG, which increases blood flow to your kidneys, helping them to more efficiently rid your body (and eventually, your baby’s body) of waste.
Tender, swollen breasts: That tingly, sore, and/or full feeling in your breasts that makes you want to wear a "Look, but don’t touch!" billboard on your chest is one of the first signs of pregnancy.
You can’t blame that   puffy ate-too-much feeling on your baby yet, but you can blame it on the hormone progesterone, which helps slow down digestion, giving the nutrients from foods you eat more time to enter your bloodstream and reach your baby.
Some women also experience abdominal cramping in the first few weeks of pregnancy, similar to menstrual cramps.
Before you even pass the test (the home pregnancy test, that is) and know for sure that you’ve got a baby on board, you may get a heads-up in the form of early pregnancy symptoms.
In other words, it’s hard work! During early pregnancy, a huge amount of energy goes into building a life-support system for your baby (aka the placenta).

Because pregnancy causes so many changes in most women, it may be difficult to fathom a woman not knowing she’s pregnant until she goes into labor.
English, Marianne.  "10 Reasons You Might Not Know Youu0027re Pregnant (Until Youu0027re in Labor)"  14 February 2011.  HowStuffWorks.com. < ;  12 October 2014.
Although each woman undergoes different physical, mental and hormonal changes during pregnancy, it’s important to visit and report to a doctor on a regular basis.
Denied pregnancies, or pregnancies in which the women consciously or subconsciously deny or don’t know they’re pregnant, are more common than previously thought.

But in weeks one and two of pregnancy — the week of and immediately following your last menstrual period — your body is working hard to gear up for the event that paves the way for the baby: the big O — ovulation.
Studies show that prolonged excessive heat — like that produced by electric blankets or heated waterbeds — can adversely affect those temperamental testes by slowing down sperm production (and you want sperm aplenty right now!).
Believe it or not, the countdown to delivery day begins now, during the period before fertilization — even though your egg and his sperm haven’t even been in the same room (or womb!).
No, there’s no baby or even an embryo in sight (at least not yet) — just an anxious egg and a whole bunch of eager sperm at their respective starting gates.

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Are you experiencing pregnancy symptoms? Take this 17-question pregnancy symptom quiz below and find out.
Think you might be pregnant with twins? Take this Could It Be Twins? Quiz! Wondering if your odds for twins are greater than most? Take this What Are My Chances of Twins? Quiz.
Read the intro to this pregnancy symptoms quiz here.

But if you start to experience some of the symptoms below – not all women get them all – and you’re wondering why you haven’t gotten your period, you may very well be pregnant.
You should start to feel more energetic once you hit your second trimester, although fatigue usually returns late in pregnancy when you’re carrying around a lot more weight and some of the common discomforts of pregnancy make it more difficult to get a good night’s sleep.
Hormonal changes in early pregnancy may leave you feeling bloated, similar to the feeling some women have just before their period.
Could you be pregnant? Some symptoms may show up about the time you’ve missed a period – or a week or two later.
Shortly after you become pregnant, hormonal changes prompt a chain of events that raise the rate of blood flow through your kidneys.
It’s common to have mood swings during pregnancy, partly because of hormonal changes that affect your levels of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in the brain).
No one knows for sure what causes early pregnancy fatigue, but it’s possible that rapidly increasing levels of the hormone progesterone are contributing to your sleepiness.
Note: If you’ve been feeling sad or hopeless or unable to cope with your daily responsibilities, or you’re having thoughts of harming yourself, call your healthcare provider or a mental health professional right away.
If you’re newly pregnant, it’s not uncommon to feel repelled by the smell of a bologna sandwich or a cup of coffee, and for certain aromas to trigger your gag reflex.

Most early pregnancy symptoms, including tender breasts, are related to rising levels of the hormone progesterone, says Treesa McLean, a licensed midwife.

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Why? It’s often related to a high level of a hormone called progesterone, although other things — such as lower levels of blood sugar, lower blood pressure, and a boost in blood production — can all contribute.
Not every woman has the same symptoms or even the same symptoms from one pregnancy to the next.
But if the changes are an early symptom of pregnancy, keep in mind that it is going to take several weeks to get used to the new levels of hormones.
Also, because the early symptoms of pregnancy are often like what happens right before and during menstruation, those symptoms aren’t always recognized.
What follows is a description of some of the most common early symptoms of pregnancy.
But there are early symptoms of pregnancy that may point to the possibility.
This discharge, which can continue throughout pregnancy, is typically harmless and doesn’t require treatment.
Breast changes are another very early sign of pregnancy.
Are you wondering if you might be pregnant? The only way to know for sure is by taking a pregnancy test.

Being prepared for what’s to come can help you brace yourself for the many physical and emotional challenges that go along with being pregnant, which is why the popular pregnancy bible, “What To Expect When You’re Expecting,” still flies off stores shelves—and has now inspired a movie, which premiers today.
There are some things about pregnancy that come as no surprise: Swollen feet that have spread to a full shoe size larger, angry red stretch marks that zig-zag around your hips, belly and breasts and of course, weeping uncontrollably at any commercial that’s remotely sentimental, especially one that features dogs (don’t get me started on that heartbreaking ASPCA commercial with Sarah McLachlan singing “Angel”).
(It also helps that I have a wonderful husband who tells me I’m a knockout every day.) I now think of my growing, basketball-like belly as my most amazing feature, so why would I keep it under wraps or hide under unflattering tent-like dresses? I’m proud of my body and feel like it has such an important purpose—growing healthy, beautiful babies—that any feelings of self-consciousness or misguided “fat talk” are happily left in the dust.
“For hair growth during pregnancy, it is best to tweeze, wax or shave unwanted excess hair.” Skip laser hair removal or depilatory creams while pregnant, suggests Dr.
“Most women lose a significant amount of hair in the postpartum period or after they stop breastfeeding,” says dermatologist Bruce Katz, M.D, founder of the Juva Skin and Laser Center in Manhattan.
If you’re used to diligently maintaining your hair down there by plucking stray strands between bikini waxes, you can forget it—mainly because you can’t even see your vagina after you’re a few months along in your pregnancy.
“The greater volume brings more blood to the vessels and increases oil gland secretion, thus causing the pregnancy skin glow,” explains Katz.

In other women, early pregnancy symptoms and signs may develop much later, well after a missed period and after a positive pregnancy test.
Below is a list of some of the normal signs and symptoms  a pregnant woman may experience and the changes described here may happen earlier or later than they appear on this list, and some may continue throughout the pregnancy.
Especially the 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks pregnant signs.  Early pregnancy symptoms and signs are usually related to the pregnancy hormone hCG or "Human Chorionic Gonadotropin" which is responsible for pregnancy signs.
Even though hCG is usually not detectable in large number until after a missed menstrual period, there are many women who report having typical pregnancy symptoms even before they miss their period.
Thus, typical pregnancy symptoms typically do not appear until the hCG has reached sufficient levels which is about 1-2 weeks after you miss your period (3-4 weeks after ovulation, or 2-3 weeks after implantation), at a time when the hCG has risen enough.
While typical pregnancy symptoms may indicate that a woman is pregnant, nothing will really confirm a pregnancy except a positive pregnancy test.
If you’re like everyone else then you’re trying to figure out what the signs and symptoms of pregnancy or pregnancy symptoms are and how likely they are to mean that you are pregnant.
Understanding the signs and symptoms of pregnancy is important because each symptom may be related to something other than pregnancy.
Early pregnancy symptoms can sometimes happen before a missed period and before a positive pregnancy test.
Early pregnancy symptoms and signs differ from one woman to the other and from one pregnancy to the other.

Do you have a ttc question or need advice? Get helpful answers from other women who are trying to conceive.

Based on analysis of all data reported by our members, the following list shows the top 10 most common very early signs and symptoms during the first 22 days of pregnancy (ovulation day to 21 days past ovulation).

Many women feel very tired early in pregnancy (it takes lots of energy to create a baby!).
For many women, hormones can cause the areolas, the circles around nipples, to widen and darken during pregnancy.
Many women who get hormonal migraine headaches find they get more of them during especially early in pregnancy, explains Pitman.
Not sure if you’re pregnant? We’ve rounded up some of the most common pregnancy symptoms to see if it’s time to pee on that stick.
Shifting hormones, combined with the heart beating faster to pump more blood through the body can cause blood pressure to gradually decrease early in pregnancy.
It’s caused by an increase in hormone levels (about 80 percent of women experience “morning sickness” during the first 3 months of pregnancy).
If you’ve been tracking your basal temperature, a positive sign of pregnancy is an increase of about one degree that lasts for more than two weeks after the “dip” in temperature that indicates ovulation.
Many women experience emotional mood swings throughout pregnancy.
“Some researchers have speculated that it might be to protect women from eating ‘spoiled’ or tainted foods, thus protecting the baby from any harmful toxins,” says Pitman.
No, the smells on the bus are not in your head: Many women have a heightened sense of smell during pregnancy.
The most obvious indicator of pregnancy is a missed period, but a missed period doesn’t always mean a baby is on the way.
Some women complain of an odd “metallic” taste in their mouths during pregnancy.

A missed period If you're usually pretty regular, and your period doesn't start on time, you'll probably take a pregnancy test before you notice any other signs.
Prickling, tingling nipples As pregnancy hormones increase the blood supply to your breasts, you may feel a tingling sensation around your nipples.
Feeling tired Exhausted? You may find yourself diving for your duvet as your body cranks up to support your baby, right from the early stages of pregnancy.
Experts aren't sure why spotting in very early pregnancy happens, but it's thought to either be caused by the egg implanting in your uterus, or more likely, the hormones that control your periods kicking in.
The proof: a positive home pregnancy test Most home pregnancy tests will give you a reliable result if you wait until at least the first day of a missed period.
Needing to wee frequently From about six weeks of pregnancy, you may notice that you're weeing more often.

You know you’re pregnant, but when exactly will your baby make his big entrance? Use our pregnancy due date calculator to find out.
Your baby begins as a tiny cluster of cells, but during the nine-month process of pregnancy she becomes an amazing baby with facial features, a beating heart and kicking legs.
From very early pregnancy symptoms that get you wondering whether you’re pregnant, to symptoms you’ll experience when you know you’re pregnant, we’ll help you sort through the many bodily and emotional changes you’ll go through during pregnancy.
Getting pregnant should be simple, right? So why does conception practically require a Blackberry to schedule? Simplify the situation with our free ovulation calendar, which tells you when you’re most likely to get pregnant.
Can an ancient Chinese calendar really predict the gender of your baby? Take our simple quiz and find out.
Use our quick baby milestone quiz to find out when to expect the biggest milestones along the way.

However, with a tubal or other type of ectopic pregnancy, other symptoms, such as abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding, develop over time, usually 6 to 8 weeks after a missed menstrual period.
While absence of menstruation is a hallmark symptom of pregnancy, other symptoms and signs also are frequently experienced by many women in the early stages of pregnancy.
Ectopic pregnancy symptoms, or tubal pregnancy symptoms, are very similar to normal pregnancy symptoms at the outset and can include many of the symptoms described below.

Having a birth plan is a great way to ensure everyone involved with your pregnancy will have knowledge of your likes and dislikes when it comes to the hospital stay, giving birth, pain medications, after birth, etc.

Common pregnancy symptoms continue through the end of pregnancy, including fatigue, trouble sleeping, trouble holding urine, shortness of breath, varicose veins, and stretch marks.
Pregnancy symptoms in the tenth month largely depend on when the fetus drops down into lower part of the uterus in the pelvis.
Many of the pregnancy symptoms from the first 2 months continue — and sometimes worsen — during the third month.
But because pregnancy is measured from a woman’s last menstrual period — about 3-4 weeks before she is actually pregnant — a full-term pregnancy usually totals about 40 weeks from LMP — roughly 10 months.
Pregnancy is measured using “gestational age.” Gestational age starts on the first day of a woman’s last menstrual period (LMP).
Pregnancy symptoms from the fourth and fifth month usually continue.
Women do not usually gain much weight during the first 3 months of pregnancy — usually about 2 pounds.
For many women, the first sign of pregnancy is a missed period.
The pregnancy symptoms of the fourth month continue this month.

A missed menstrual period is often the first recognizable sign of a possible pregnancy, but there are other signs and symptoms of early pregnancy as well.
The first sign many women recognize as an early sign of pregnancy is a missed menstrual period (amenorrhea).
Many women hoping to become pregnant will chart their basal body temperature (the lowest body temperature in a 24-hour period, usually first thing in the morning after waking).
The urge to urinate more frequently starts about six weeks into pregnancy, thanks to the hormone human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), which causes increased blood flow to the pelvic area and can stimulate the urge to urinate.
Mood swings may be worst in the first trimester, easing up somewhat in the second, and coming back as the pregnancy nears the end.
A missed menstrual period can be caused by other conditions aside from pregnancy, so it is not always a definitive sign.
The extra progesterone in a woman’s body during pregnancy may cause her to feel fatigued and tired, and the need for naps increases.

While it’s good to remember that every pregnancy is different — and women experience a range of symptoms — there are still some common warning signals for pregnancy.
Boyd, Robynne.  "10 First-month Pregnancy Symptoms"  17 February 2011.  HowStuffWorks.com. < ;  12 October 2014.
Many early pregnancy symptoms are similar to those associated with premenstrual symptoms, so it’s common to wonder what’s really going on inside your body.
Some women notice many of the early signs of pregnancy within the first week of conception.

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The extra progesterone produced after conception causes your basal body temperature to rise, which in turn contributes to a lack of energy, explains Karen Perkins, M.D., an OB-GYN with A Woman’s Choice at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore.
“You’re making so much estrogen and progesterone in early pregnancy that the glands in the breasts start growing,” explains Jasbir Singh, M.D., an OB-GYN at Baylor Medical Center at Waxahachie in Texas.
“In the first trimester, bleeding should be evaluated for three things in particular—miscarriage, an ectopic pregnancy or certain types of infections,” Singh says.
First Signs of Pregnancy – Early Symptoms of your First Trimester Here are nine subtle clues that you might be pregnant.
During the first few weeks, your body is working 24/7 behind the scenes to support the pregnancy, and fatigue is a normal response.

These signs include uterine changes, abdominal changes, cervical changes, basal body temperature, positive pregnancy test by physician, and fetal palpation.

However, the emotions of anxiety and stress usually overshadow the feelings of happiness and excitement in women who are becoming pregnant for the first time and that’s why we have devised this week to week guide for you so that you can know with precision what’s happening inside your body, what symptoms will you experience during the first week of pregnancy, how is your baby developing and what cautions you must take for a safer pregnancy.
However, if we calculate the pregnancy starting from the actual day of conception, not from your last cycle (as doctors do), during the first week (which corresponds roughly to week four of pregnancy), no noticeable physical symptoms will take place.

For many women, pregnancy is a time of heightened stress and this may exacerbate underlying anxiety and depression, which can lead to a vicious cycle of increasing GI symptoms and increasing stress.
Many women report increased heartburn and nausea in the first trimester, and another third of women report an increase in stool frequency during pregnancy.
Surveys of pregnant women indicate that GI symptoms are common with pregnancy.
Many women choose to avoid drug therapies during pregnancy, since most have never been tested in pregnant women.
Changes in the ovarian hormones, which are elevated during pregnancy, and the physical pressure the growing baby places on the bowel wall, may both contribute to GI symptoms.
But, there are limited laboratory data to support this claim, and little is known about effective treatment strategies for pregnant women with IBS.
Upwards to a third of pregnant women experience increased constipation, particularly during the last trimester.

Pregnancy Lower Back Pain As far as symptoms of pregnancy are concerned, lower back pain is a pregnancy symptom that almost half of all pregnant women experience.
Irregular Period Symptoms of pregnancy vary from woman to woman, but all women will stop having their period at some point when pregnant.
Implantation Bleeding One of the symptoms of pregnancy that can cause worry for women is implantation bleeding.
Not every woman has every pregnancy symptom during her entire term, and some women experience no symptoms at the beginning of their pregnancy.
Pregnancy Breast Tenderness Of the symptoms of pregnancy that cause the most discomfort, breast tenderness is one of the most painful for some women.
Pregnancy Headaches Headache during pregnancy is another symptom that many pregnant women have to suffer through.You may experience intense and sometimes frequent headaches.
Pregnancy Morning Sickness One of the most frequently experienced symptoms of pregnancy is morning sickness, which usually lasts for about a month for most women.
You may have pregnancy symptoms that include breast tenderness, fatigue, morning sickness, and more or nothing at all.
Pregnancy Constipation Constipation is one of the most common pregnancy symptoms because food digests slower than usual due to increased progesterone levels.
Frequent Urination While Pregnant Frequent urination is not one of the most suspected symptoms of pregnancy early on even if you visit the bathroom more often.
Pregnancy Mood Swings Mood swings are very common during the early part of pregnancy, and unlike some symptoms of pregnancy they will disappear fairly quickly as your hormones adjust.
Pregnancy Fatigue Who doesn’t get tired? Even so, fatigue during pregnancy is one of the most common symptoms.
Does Pregnancy Cause Dizziness Another fairly common pregnancy symptom is the sensation of dizziness or sometimes even feeling faint.

There are several fairly accurate laboratory tests for pregnancy; all are designed to detect human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone produced by living chorionic placental tissue and evident in the blood and urine of pregnant women.
Obstetrics The state of gestation; the period of time from confirmation of implantation of a fertilized egg within the uterus–presumptive signs of pregnancy include missed menses or a positive pregnancy test [45 CFR 46.203(b)]–until the fetus has entirely left the uterus–ie, been delivered.
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum becomes implanted outside the uterus instead of in the wall of the uterus; this is almost always in a fallopian tube (tubal pregnancy), although occasionally the ovum develops in the abdominal cavity, ovary, or cervix uteri.
Pregnancy lasts approximately 266 days from the day of fertilization, but is clinically considered to last 280 days (40 weeks, or 10 lunar months) from the first day of the last menstrual period.
Modern thinking is that exercise is generally safe and should be encouraged, if comfortable, until well into the last trimester, provided that there are no complications of pregnancy (bleeding, hypertension, multiple pregnancy, placenta praevia, etc.). Walking, cycling, dance and water-based activity are popular with pregnant women.
Pregnancy usually lasts 40 weeks, beginning from the first day of the woman's last menstrual period, and is divided into three trimesters, each lasting three months.
Pregnancy usually lasts 40 weeks in humans, beginning from the first day of the woman's last menstrual period, and is divided into three trimesters.
Placenta — The organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy that links the blood supplies of the mother and baby.
The average gestation period for a human pregnancy is 10 lunar months (280 days) from the first day of the last menstrual period.
Ideally, the mother should achieve normal weight before she becomes pregnant because obesity increases the possibility of eclampsia and other serious complications of pregnancy.
Other factors affecting the fetus include certain drugs taken by the mother during pregnancy.
The first sign of pregnancy is usually a missed menstrual period, although some women bleed in the beginning.
pregnancy the time from about 2 weeks after the last menstrual period (the time of ovulation) to parturition (labour/delivery), normally 40 weeks or 280 days.
Drugs taken during the first three months of a pregnancy may interfere with the normal formation of the baby's organs, leading to birth defects.
Pregnancy begins after coitus at or near the time of ovulation (usually about 14 days before a woman’s next expected menstrual period).
Many women first discover they are pregnant after a positive home pregnancy test.
postterm pregnancy one that has extended beyond 42 weeks from the onset of the last menstrual period or 40 completed weeks from conception.
psychologic changes The emotional experiences of pregnancy, as reported by pregnant women, are normal and healthy, but extraordinary.
Drugs taken later on in pregnancy may slow the baby's growth rate, or they may damage specific fetal tissue (such as the developing teeth), or cause preterm birth.
rubella (German measles) can be responsible for many types of birth defects, particularly if the mother contracts it in the first 3 months of pregnancy.
Will she be tired all her pregnancy? My wife is 6 weeks pregnant with our first baby.
multiple pregnancy presence of more than one fetus in the uterus at the same time.
multiple pregnancy the presence of more than one fetus in the uterus at the same time.
The care of the mother during her entire pregnancy is important to her well-being and that of the fetus she is carrying.
tuboabdominal pregnancy ectopic pregnancy occurring partly in the fimbriated end of the fallopian tube and partly in the abdominal cavity.
In a tubal pregnancy a spontaneous abortion may occur, but more often the fetus will grow to a size large enough to rupture the tube.
The average gain is about 28 lb during pregnancy, and either starvation diets or forced feedings can be unhealthy for the mother and hazardous for the fetus.
In addition to the typical, common symptoms of pregnancy, some women experience other problems that may be annoying, but which usually disappear after delivery.
The average pregnancy lasts about 280 days, or 40 weeks, from the date of conception to childbirth.
tuboabdominal pregnancy ectopic pregnancy partly in the fimbriated end of a uterine tube and partly in the abdominal cavity.
For this reason, women may want to consider having a second pregnancy test conducted at their doctor's office to be sure of the accuracy of the result.
pregnancy; gestation female state from conception to birth (see epinephrine; local anaesthetic (LA) administration, pregnancy)Patient discussion about Pregnancy.
If the result is negative and there is no menstrual period within another week, the pregnancy test should be repeated.
ectopic pregnancy , extrauterine pregnancy development of the embryo outside the uterine cavity.
tubal pregnancy the most common type of ectopic pregnancy, occurring within a fallopian tube.
Pregnancy urine tests check for the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced by a placenta.
Sexually transmitted diseases can have tragic effects on the baby, even though the symptoms in the mother are minor at the time of pregnancy.
tubo-ovarian pregnancy ectopic pregnancy occurring partly in the ovary and partly in a uterine tube.
Usually the first indication of pregnancy is a missed menstrual period.
Chloasma — A skin discoloration common during pregnancy, also known as the "mask of pregnancy" or melasma, in which blotches of pale brown skin appear on the face.
interstitial pregnancy ectopic pregnancy in the part of the uterine tube within the uterine wall.
Most health care providers recommend that all drugs be avoided during pregnancy except those essential to the control of disease in the mother.
interstitial pregnancy pregnancy in that part of the fallopian tube within the wall of the uterus.
Unless the period is more than 10 days late, however, this is not a definite indication, since many factors, including a strong fear of pregnancy, can delay menstruation.
Once pregnancy has been confirmed, there are a range of screening tests that can be done to screen for birth defects, which affect about 3% of unborn children.
Nausea and vomiting are very common symptoms and are usually worse in the morning and during the first trimester of pregnancy.
See At-risk pregnancy, Cervical pregnancy, Clinical pregnancy, Crisis pregnancy, Ectopic pregnancy, Fatty liver of pregnancy, High-risk pregnancy, Mole pregnancy, Multifetal pregnancy, Postterm pregnancy, Pseudopreganancy, PUPPP, Selective termination of pregnancy, Sympathy pregnancy, Teenage pregnancy, Tubal pregnancy, Unwanted pregnancy.
The newest home tests can detect pregnancy on the day of the missed menstrual period.
For the rest of pregnancy, the embryo is known as a fetus.
surrogate pregnancy one in which a woman other than the female partner is artificially impregnated with the male partner’s sperm.
tubal pregnancy ectopic pregnancy within a uterine tube.
ampullar pregnancy ectopic pregnancy in the ampulla of the uterine tube.
false pregnancy development of all the signs of pregnancy without the presence of an embryo; called also pseudocyesis and pseudopregnancy.
Pregnancy is a natural condition that usually causes little discomfort provided the woman takes care of herself and gets adequate prenatal care.
Pregnancy confers physiological benefits to exercise and possibly performance during the first trimester (3 months), especially by virtue of changes in the cardiorespiratory systems.
ampullar pregnancy ectopic pregnancy in the ampulla of the fallopian tube.
Total blood volume also increases in pregnancy; plasma volume increases more than red cell volume, and this results in a drop in the hematocrit, caused by dilution.

Being prepared for what’s to come can help you brace yourself for the many physical and emotional challenges that go along with being pregnant, which is why the popular pregnancy bible, “What To Expect When You’re Expecting,” still flies off stores shelves—and has now inspired a movie, which premiers today.
There are some things about pregnancy that come as no surprise: Swollen feet that have spread to a full shoe size larger, angry red stretch marks that zig-zag around your hips, belly and breasts and of course, weeping uncontrollably at any commercial that’s remotely sentimental, especially one that features dogs (don’t get me started on that heartbreaking ASPCA commercial with Sarah McLachlan singing “Angel”).
(It also helps that I have a wonderful husband who tells me I’m a knockout every day.) I now think of my growing, basketball-like belly as my most amazing feature, so why would I keep it under wraps or hide under unflattering tent-like dresses? I’m proud of my body and feel like it has such an important purpose—growing healthy, beautiful babies—that any feelings of self-consciousness or misguided “fat talk” are happily left in the dust.
“For hair growth during pregnancy, it is best to tweeze, wax or shave unwanted excess hair.” Skip laser hair removal or depilatory creams while pregnant, suggests Dr.
“Most women lose a significant amount of hair in the postpartum period or after they stop breastfeeding,” says dermatologist Bruce Katz, M.D, founder of the Juva Skin and Laser Center in Manhattan.
If you’re used to diligently maintaining your hair down there by plucking stray strands between bikini waxes, you can forget it—mainly because you can’t even see your vagina after you’re a few months along in your pregnancy.
“The greater volume brings more blood to the vessels and increases oil gland secretion, thus causing the pregnancy skin glow,” explains Katz.

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