wild asters

Here is a list of Aster species listed in the Peterson & Newcombe field guides which do NOT occur in Ontario, or are RARE or VERY RARE in Ontario.
  Many aster species have disc flowers that start out yellow, and gradually turn purple or brown as the flower ages.
Asters can be confusing and challenging to identify because many of their features vary from plant to plant of the same species.

Some popular varieties of Asters are: Lindley’s Aster (Aster ciliolatus), New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae), Many-Flowered Aster (Aster ericoides), Western Silvery Aster (Aster sericeus), Willow Aster (Aster hesperius), Flat-Topped White Aster (Aster umbellatus), Smooth Aster (Aster laevis).
An Aster flower is actually a collection of very tiny tubular flowers, grouped together in a central disk, and surrounded by so-called ray flowers or petals, eg., Sunflower.
Asters are popular garden plants because of their showy flower heads and the availability of flowers in multiple colors.
The word Aster is of Greek derivation and refers to the Starlike flowers that can be white, red, pink, purple, lavender and blue, mostly with yellow centers.
In many cases the disk flowers are a different color than the petals so that the entire flower head looks like a single flower with a central disk surrounded by differently colored petals.
The new world species have now been reclassified in the genera Almutaster, Canadanthus, Doellingeria, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oligoneuron, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus and Symphyotrichum, but still the new world species are also widely referred to as Asters in the horticultural trade.
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The New England aster blooms from August to October and grows in abundance adding vibrant colour to the autumn landscape.
It is very popular for bees collecting nectar and Monarch butterflies are attracted to the flower of this plant as it provides an important source of late season nectar.
Fields of Nutrition has medicinal benefits and vitamin/mineral content of New England Aster (click here).
Considered an aggressive weed by some people, the New England aster is prized for its attractive flowers.
Distinguishing Features: New England asters have large rose-purple flowers, with numerous rays.
Principally used in the cure of rheumatism in the form of infusion or tincture; recommended, however, in hysteria, chorea, epilepsy, spasms, irregular menstruation, etc., internally; and used both externally and internally in many cutaneous diseases, the eruption occasioned by the poison rhus, and in the bites of venomous snakes.
New England Aster ( Aster novae-angliae) is deployed in decoction internally, with a strong decoction externally, in many eruptive diseases of the skin; it removes also the poisonous state of the skin caused by Rhus or Shumach.
The genus Aster is now generally restricted to the Old World species, with Aster amellus being the type species of the genus, as well as of the family Asteraceae.[1] The New World species have now been reclassified in the genera Almutaster, Canadanthus, Doellingeria, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oligoneuron, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus and Symphyotrichum, though all are treated within the tribe Astereae.
The genus Aster once contained nearly 600 species in Eurasia and North America, but after morphologic and molecular research on the genus during the 1990s, it was decided that the North American species are better treated in a series of other related genera.
After this split there are roughly 180 species within the genus, all but one being confined to Eurasia.[3] The name Aster comes from the Ancient Greek word ἀστήρ (astér), meaning "star", referring to the shape of the flower head.
Its circumscription has been narrowed, and it now encompasses around 180 species, all but one of which are restricted to Eurasia; many species formerly in Aster are now in other genera of the tribe Astereae.
      The uniqueness of the Aster or Sunflower family is that what first seems to be a single large flower is actually a composite of many smaller flowers.
      The Chamomile tribe includes the most aromatic members of the Aster family, such as sagebrush, yarrow, tansy, and of course, chamomile.
      The Asters are the largest family of flowering plants in the northern latitudes, with 920 genera and 19,000 species found worldwide, including 346 genera and 2,687 species in the U.S. and Canada.
      Many species of the Aster family are cultivated as ornamentals, including Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Calendula, and Zinnia.
      One of the best clues for identifying members of this family is to look for the presence of multiple layers of bracts beneath the flowers.
      The green things outside the flower head that might look like sepals are actually "bracts" (modified leaves) surrounding the disk.
Nectar and pollen from these plants are an important fall food source for butterflies, moths, bees, and other beneficial insects, when most other flowers have already finished flowering.
Big Leaf Aster blooms earlier than most of the other asters in my garden.
I the purple of the New England aster – I grew them in fairly dry soil in part shade and they bloomed well, but were floppy.
We have a variety of your calico aster called Prince, which I love for its dark foliage and pretty flowers, though these are yet to open this year.
Wow – I love all these! I just have Lessingia – no Corethrogyne now! filaginifolia, and aster – no Symphyotrichum chilensis in my garden.
Short’s Aster blooms profusely, covering itself with sky blue flowers in fall.
New England Aster is a good flower for monarchs and other fall butterflies, and goldfinches eat the seeds.
A common dwarf variety of New England Aster is ‘Purple Dome‘, which I have growing in my back yard.
Crooked-Stem Aster likes moist soil and does well in shade.
I love asters because they flower freely, provide lots of fall color, and are extremely tough and easy to grow.
In addition, I wonder if I can pull up the wild asters safely and plant them in better soil? I’d love to give them the opportunity to get much larger and care for them so they will come up every year.
We grow many wild Asters in our garden, including: the white flowered, Fall Aster (Aster ericoides), the tall bluish-purple flowers of Aster praealtus and the beautiful lavender Savanna Aster (Symphyotrichum chapmanii).
Poets: A B .
Growing Annual Asters Annual varieties of Asters require the same basic care, but should not be planted in the same spot the following year, to prevent plant diseases such as Aster wilt.
Growing Requirements for Aster Plants You will often see native Aster varieties growing wild in almost any environment from the tropics to the coldest regions of the north in habitats ranging from extremely arid deserts to bogs.
Aster Propagation Asters can be propagated by dividing existing clumps or grown from seed sown indoors at about 70° F.
And even though the sweat was pouring down my back, I couldn’t help but drive deeper and deeper into the pine flatwoods, twisted forests and rolling prairies overrun with Indian pinks and wine cups, Mexican hats and Cherokee beans, passion flowers, black-eyed Susans, prairie rose and sensitive brier, button snakeroot, coral honeysuckle, downy phlox, wild bergamot, skullcap, lizard’s tail and tickseed coreopsis, blooming as they always have, in the New World of the Gulf Coast that not even the natives know.
And I couldn’t help but smile as I drove past fields of it in Washington County, Ala,, not so long ago, the same Stokes aster we fussed over in North Carolina mountain gardens, blooming wild and careless here in swales and ditches and moist woods and meadows.
For generations, Germans have been breeding North European gemutlichkeit into American wildflowers — black-eyed Susans, purple coneflowers, liatris, snakeroot and Stokes asters — plants that had been rejected as weeds in their American homeland.
A pale gray undertone makes this subtle pink almost neutral; a delicate shade evocative of a field of wildflowers caressed by the wind on a summer day.
"aster." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology.
"aster." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English.
"aster." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes.
"aster." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. 2014.
"Aster." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences.
"aster." A Dictionary of Biology.
"aster." World Encyclopedia.
"aster." A Dictionary of Zoology.
aster [Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis), all members of the family Asteraceae (aster or composite family).
In North America, where most species are native, plants of the genus Aster are regarded as wildflowers, but in Europe they are cultivated as garden flowers and often called Michaelmas daisy (they usually bloom at Michaelmas).
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Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Symphyotrichum oblongifolium (Nutt.) G.L. Nesom Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster Asteraceae (Aster Family) Synonym(s): Aster kumleinii, Aster oblongifolius, Aster oblongifolius var.
For many years, nearly all native North American asters were considered members of the genus Aster, formerly a very large genus that is now considered to comprise Old World species almost exclusively.
The only "true aster" (in the genus Aster) that grows wild in Missouri is a native of Eurasia that escapes from gardens.
As with several other of our native asters, this species can hybridize with its close relatives where they grow in the same vicinity.
This species is notable for the fragrance of its foliage and its crowded, stalkless, clasping, hairy, narrow (oblong) leaves.
    Above: New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae L.) Above: Ontario Aster (Symphyotrichum ontarionis (Wiegand) G.L. Nesom) Above: Calico Aster (Side-flowering Aster) (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum L.)   Below: Bigleaf Aster (Large-leaved Aster) (Eurybia macrophylla L.) Below: Smooth Blue Aster (Symphyotrichum laeve (L.) A.
  Above: Silky Aster (Western Silver Aster) (Symphyotrichum sericeum (Vent.) G.L. Nesom)   Above: Sky-blue Aster (Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Riddell) G.L. Nesom) var.
oolentangiense   Below: White Heath Aster (Many-flowered Aster) (Symphyotrichum ericoides L.) Below: Redstem Aster (Purple-stemmed Aster) (Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) A.
  Above: Canada Goldenrod (Tall Goldenrod) (Solidago altissima L.) Above: Riddell’s Goldenrod (Solidago riddellii Frank) Above: Zig-Zag Goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis L.)   Below: Grass-leaved Goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt.
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